of Peloponnesian history are often fragmented by poleis and period.
This book offers a comprehensive narrative of the political history
of the entire Peloponnese from 371 to 146 bc, using both literary
and epigraphic evidence. In the Hellenistic Peloponnese a long
shadow was cast by the great changes of the 4th century. After
army had been defeated at the battle of Leuktra (371), internal
divisions and alliances were patterned by the interventions of
Thebans, Macedonian rulers, and finally the Romans.
The author’s findings reveal remarkable consistencies in
the history of the Peloponnese.
Sparta’s confidence and ambition refused to die; other Peloponnesian
states conducted foreign policies in reaction initially to Sparta’s
decline but, later, to her resurgence – and to the prospect
of further resurgence still. The book reveals continuity as regards
Sparta in the foreign policies of Elis, most of Arkadia, Messenia,
and the Achaian Confederacy.
These definite patterns formed Peloponnesian history far beyond
the narrow relation of each community to Sparta: they also shaped
relation of most major Peloponnesian states to each other and to